Interessante o artigo abaixo da Reuters Health Information postado no site http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/587616
Um estudo realizado no EUA indica uma maior incidência de enxaqueca em adolescentes do sexo feminino cujos pais apresentam distúrbios psiquiátricos, principalmente depressão, comportamento antisocial e dependência química.
Pesquisas anteriores já haviam demonstrado uma relação entre depressão e enxaqueca. No entanto, neste estudo específico, os médicos ficaram supresos em perceber que havia também uma relação de elevada incidência de enxaqueca nas garotas cujos pais têm histórico de distúrbios outros que não apenas a depressão, como foi o caso da dependência química e do comportamento antisocial.
Outro dado interessante é que essa relação observada no caso da enxaqueca não se extende por exemplo para problemas no estômago.
Obviamente mais estudos são necessários e, principalmente, para investigar possíveis fatores que relacionam a enxaqueca e distúrbios psiquiátricos.
Parental Psychopathology Increases Migraine Risk in Female Offspring
Reuters Health Information
NEW YORK (Reuters Health) Jan 30 - Adolescent girls of parents with depression or a variety of psychopathology, including antisocial behavior and drug dependence, are at risk for migraine headaches, according to new data from the longitudinal Minnesota Twin Family Study.
"We looked at families -- parents and teenage girls -- to see how migraine headaches and mental health problems were linked across generations," Dr. Naomi R. Marmorstein from Rutgers University, Camden, New Jersey, explained in comments to Reuters Health.
The study involved 674 17-year-old girls and their biological parents. The study was limited to adolescent girls due to the low prevalence of migraine in adolescent boys, the researchers explain in the January issue of Cephalalgia.
According to the investigators, the odds ratios for migraine among girls of parents with major depression, antisocial behavior, alcohol dependence, and drug dependence were 1.86, 2.23, 1.82, and 2.55, respectively.
"Because prior research has shown a link between migraines and depression, and because both migraines and depression tend to run in families, we were not surprised to see elevated rates of migraine headaches in girls whose parent(s) had histories of depression," Dr. Marmorstein said.
"We were more surprised, though, to find elevated rates of migraine headaches in girls whose parent(s) had histories of antisocial behavior (for example, law-breaking behavior) and/or drug dependence," she added.
The identified associations, Dr. Marmorstein said, were "quite robust; they remained significant even when the research team statistically adjusted for the effects of migraines in parents and the corresponding type of mental health problem in the adolescents."
In contrast, there were no significant associations between parents' psychopathology and adolescents' stomach problems. "You might think that the stress of having a parent with a mental health problem could relate to both headaches and stomachaches in children," Dr. Marmorstein explained.
"However, there were not robust associations between parents' mental health problems and offspring stomach problems, indicating that these links did not extend to all types of somatic problems in the girls," she added.
These findings, the researchers conclude, "emphasize the need to look at antisocial behaviour and substance-related problems when examining associations between migraine and psychopathology, and indicate that more research on inter-generational links between migraine and psychopathology is needed."